Hello, welcome to the Forum.
A curious situation; something must be different between the two plants, at least temporarily, but what is it? This does look like the common Purple Passionfruit (Passiflora edulis), but the two plants may not be genetically identical. Do you know if these plants are named cultivars or unnamed seedlings?
You suggest that the two plants' care and culture is identical, but perhaps there is a difference that is not obvious. Check the soil moisture beneath both plants after watering. Perhaps dig a small exploratory hole to look at subsurface conditions. Does one plant stay wetter than the other? Under and overwatering can both affect fruit development.
Fertilizing can also affect a crop. Plants with an over-abundance of fertilizer may not fruit well, but neither will plants with a deficiency. The foliage in the plant mostly looks healthy, though I do see a few yellowing leaves with green veins. This might suggest a metal nutrient deficiency, usually iron.
You mention artificial pollination, I would continue to experiment with that. Timing for successful pollination can be precise, especially for flowers that last only one day, such as those of Passiflora. Also try pollinating between the two plants in both directions, to see if you notice a difference. Even with species that are thought to be bisexual or hermaphroditic, individual plants may still function better as female fruit-bearers or male pollen-producers.