Mango seedling leaf's mosaic pattern - if it is a cause for concern or not?

Is this mosaic leaf pattern a symptom and require certain treatment?

  • mosaic pattern caused by sap sucking insects

    Votes: 1 100.0%
  • mosaic pattern caused by viral disease

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • mosaic pattern caused by bacterial disease

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • mosaic pattern caused by fungal disease

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • mosaic pattern caused by nutritional deficiency

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • mosaic pattern is not a symptom and no treatment required

    Votes: 1 100.0%

  • Total voters
    1

Joined
Jun 27, 2022
Messages
4
Reaction score
0
Location
Perm
Country
Russian Federation
At the time I am trying to understand if mosaic leaf pattern in my young mango seedling is a symptom or not but can't find something similar in appearance.
IMG_20220627_190631.jpg
My young mango plant now is 4 months old. It is Kent variety which grew up from a seed of store bought fruit in a pot indoors. At the planting time seed was remarkable for black mold lesions. It was planted in peat (pH 5,5 - 6,5) plus a bit of perlite mix, grew in room temperature (23 - 25 C), with 3 - 4 hours of direct sunlight per day and had approximately 1 watering per 7 to 8 days (to the point when the soil dried up to 5 cm from above) and firstly the things went just ok and it was fine. After a three months or so one day I surprisingly discovered, that older leaves look a bit of mosaic through the light but otherwise plant was good. Later I found out that underside of the leaves covered with some sticky stuff along the veins, which was removed with water and soft cloth and today, which is a week o so later, I saw small (2 - 3 mm) black spots on the oldest leave with increasing of that patchy mosaic pattern. It's underside was covered with similar sticky substance and more over, at the first time there was aphids - as well as on the underside of the other leaves, stem and potting soil surface.
IMG-ffa9cbede14b4af86008a89fe96da7d5-V.jpg
IMG_20220627_191200.jpg
The leave was removed because of the black spot disease (I'm not sure if it is anthracnose, but afraid of it), all the leaves was washed and rubbed a bit with water and soft cloth once again till I couldn't find any sticky aphid's stuff underneath and azoxistrobin (1 ml of 250 g/l suspension per 1 l of water) was used because of some fungal infection concern. But after all, mosaic looking leaves remain, so now there are some questions. 1) Is it some sap sucking insects the cause and some treatment required (at first, probably, soap+oil+water or something else)? 2) Is it any systemic fungal infection and some systemic fungicide needed? 3) Is it some nutritional deficiency because of peat? 4) or is it just something unrelated (which is obviously the less likely) to other problems?

Need to say, that in that seedling some stem luxation appeared progressively, so I'm concerned about some fungal root rot or something like that. But for now it looks quite good.

Thanks a lot!
 
Ad

Advertisements

Joined
Feb 2, 2014
Messages
10,331
Reaction score
4,829
Location
Tarpley Tx
Hardiness Zone
8b
Country
United States
You did not mention what your are feeding your plant with. Peat has zero nutritional value for plants. If the pictures are accurate the bottom of the leaves are not supposed to be yellow. They should be of the same shade of green as the tops of the leaves only lighter in color. As far as the mosaic is concerned, IMO, it is old insect damage caused by aphids or other sucking insects. Where the insects penetrated the leaf's epidermis and into the cuticle it caused damage to the cuticle thus impairing photosynthesis and thus the yellowing.
 
Joined
Jun 27, 2022
Messages
4
Reaction score
0
Location
Perm
Country
Russian Federation
No fertilizer was used, so after couple of months of slow growth some nutritional deficiency came to mind also. Leave's upperside has almost the same colour as an underside with no yellow areas. This mosaic "circles" actually some sort of light green color even through the light also and translucent. So, long lasting aphid infestation as a cause of all other problems looks quite considerable. Shall I start to apply some anti-aphid stuff already or just wait for the previous "wash and rub" effect?
 
Joined
Feb 2, 2014
Messages
10,331
Reaction score
4,829
Location
Tarpley Tx
Hardiness Zone
8b
Country
United States
No fertilizer was used, so after couple of months of slow growth some nutritional deficiency came to mind also. Leave's upperside has almost the same colour as an underside with no yellow areas. This mosaic "circles" actually some sort of light green color even through the light also and translucent. So, long lasting aphid infestation as a cause of all other problems looks quite considerable. Shall I start to apply some anti-aphid stuff already or just wait for the previous "wash and rub" effect?
Mango trees and mango seedlings are HEAVY feeders. If you haven't fertilized them it is only a matter of time until you see major unknown problems. The aphid damage may be visible because of this. The seedling MUST be fed or it will become a magnet for damaging insects, bacterial, fungal and viral infections. I am surprised it hasn't already. It REQUIRES a steady diet. It should also be repotted into something other than pure peat moss and perlite.
 
Last edited:
Joined
Jun 27, 2022
Messages
4
Reaction score
0
Location
Perm
Country
Russian Federation
So what to do first then? Shall I feed it first and then wait for aphid damage symptoms to disappear/reduce and after that transplant in some regular potting soil for example? Does osmocote to be a choise in that case?
 
Joined
Feb 2, 2014
Messages
10,331
Reaction score
4,829
Location
Tarpley Tx
Hardiness Zone
8b
Country
United States
So what to do first then? Shall I feed it first and then wait for aphid damage symptoms to disappear/reduce and after that transplant in some regular potting soil for example? Does osmocote to be a choise in that case?
Repot. Osmocote is about as good a synthetic fertilizer as you can get. Mix the osmocote into the potting soil and put some on the surface. The plant does not, at this time, show signs of trace mineral deficiencies so no need for soil amendments but keep close eye on further yellowing, color change, abnormal growth etc.
 
Ad

Advertisements

Joined
Jun 27, 2022
Messages
4
Reaction score
0
Location
Perm
Country
Russian Federation
Repot. Osmocote is about as good a synthetic fertilizer as you can get. Mix the osmocote into the potting soil and put some on the surface. The plant does not, at this time, show signs of trace mineral deficiencies so no need for soil amendments but keep close eye on further yellowing, color change, abnormal growth etc.
Ok, I'll definitely start with it. Thank you for advise.
 

Ask a Question

Want to reply to this thread or ask your own question?

You'll need to choose a username for the site, which only take a couple of moments. After that, you can post your question and our members will help you out.

Ask a Question

Top